About Thailand

Thailand’s name in Thai language is Bpratet Thai (ประเทศไทย) which means the land of free.

Thailand was actually called Siam (สยาม) throughout history.After that the name changed into Thailand in 1939.

The official language in Thailand is Thai. Thai language is a tonal language. There are 32 vowels and 44 consonants.

There are 6 parts in Thailand. Currently, there are 77 provinces. The newest one is called Bueng Kan (บึงกาฬ)and it was part of Nong Khai(หนองคาย) province before.

Bangkok currently holds the Guinness record for having the longest name of a place.

Thailand has nickname as the “Land of Smiles”. A lot of tourists like going back to Thailand simply because of the charm and warmth of its people. In Thai language, it called (สยามเมืองยิ้ม) “ Siam Muaeng Yim”.

Thailand’s national flower is (ราชพฤกษ์) “Ratchaphruek”or golden shower tree, not the orchid although Thailand is the world’s number one orchid exporter.

The current prime minister is Prayut Chan-o-cha. The first Prime Minister in Thailand was Phraya Manopakorn Nititada. Thailand’s First Female Prime Minister was Yingluck Shinawatra.

Thai New Year is between 13th -15th April and it is called  Songkran Festival. The traditional New Year of Thailand is not simply about having fun and getting wet. Most of Thai people return their hometown as a public holiday. They spend time with their family, visit temples to make merit and pour jasmine scented water over the hands of their elders to receive a blessing for the New Year.

Phuket island (เกาะภูเก็ต) is Thailand’s largest island. The island is home to many high-end seaside resorts, spas and restaurants. Phuket is also a famous tourist attraction in the southern part of Thailand.

Thailand is home to the world’s largest gold Buddha, with a weight of 5.5 tons (5,500 kilograms). It is located in the temple of Wat Traimit(วัดไตรมิตร), in Bangkok,Thailand.

Thai elephant (ช้าง) “Chaang” is selected as national animal because it has maintained close link with Thai history and custom, it has a long life, and it is closely related to the livelihood of Thai people as one of transportation means both in times of peace and battles.